October 2: On This Day in History – Who was Mahatama Gandhi – Historical Events in History

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October 2 On This Day in History - Who was Mahatama Gandhi - Historical Events in Histor

Historical events on this day in History?

  • 1187  Sultan Saladin captures Jerusalem from Crusaders
  • 1492  King Henry VII of England invades France
  • 1789  George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification
  • 1928  “Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God”, known as Opus Dei, founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá
  • 1944  Polish resistance fighters capitulate in the Warsaw Uprising, with some 250,000 people killed
  • 2007  President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea walks across the Military Demarcation Line into North Korea on his way to the second Inter-Korean Summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Il

Who was Mahatma Gandhi?

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. -Wikipedia

Name: Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi]
Nationality: Indian


Profession: Pacifist and Spiritual Leader

Born: October 2, 1869
Birthplace: Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, India
Star Sign: Libra

Died: January 30, 1948 (aged 78)
Cause of Death: Assassination

Historical Events in the Life of Mahatma Gandhi

  • 1893-06-07 Gandhi’s first act of civil disobedience.
  • 1894-08-22 Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal
  • 1906-09-11 Mahatma Gandhi coins the term “Satyagraha” to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
  • 1910-02-26 Gandhi supports the African People’s Organisations resolution to declare the Prince of Wales day of arrival in South Africa a day of mourning, in protest against the South Africa Acts disenfranchisement of Indians, Coloureds, and Africans
  • 1911-04-27 Indian passive resistance is suspended when General J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1912-10-02 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at the invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm
  • 1913-01-02 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa
  • 1913-06-14 The South African Government pass the Immigration Act, which restricts the entry and free movement of Asians; it leads to widespread agitation and rioting by resident Indians, led by Gandhi
  • 1913-10-19 At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia, and Dada Osman, severely criticize Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations
  • 1913-11-06 Mahatma Gandhi arrested for leading Indian miners’ march in South Africa
  • 1914-01-14 The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters
  • 1914-01-25 An Indian mass meeting in Durban unanimously endorse the agreement between General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters
  • 1914-02-10 In accordance with the understanding reached by General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, 60 passive resistance prisoners released from Pietermaritzburg Prison; 40 passive resisters released in Durban, 8 in Newcastle, 11 in Port Elizabeth
  • 1914-06-26 The Indian Relief Act passes after a protracted period of Passive Resistance led by Gandhi; it abolishes a £3 tax imposed on Indians who had not renewed their indentures and recognizes “the validity of Indian customary marriages”
  • 1914-06-30 Mahatma Gandhi’s 1st arrest after campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa
  • 1914-07-18 Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance
  • 1919-03-30 Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act
  • 1919-04-06 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a General Strike
  • 1922-03-18 British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years imprisonment for disobedience
  • 1924-02-24 Mahatma Gandhi released from jail
  • 1930-03-12 Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax
  • 1931-03-05 Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact
  • 1932-01-04 British Viceroy of India Lord Willingdon arrests Gandhi & Nehru
  • 1932-09-20 Gandhi begins a hunger strike against the treatment of untouchables
  • 1933-05-08 Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India
  • 1933-08-23 Mahatma Gandhi released from Indian jail following another hunger strike
  • 1934-04-07 In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspends his campaign of civil disobedience
  • 1939-03-03 Mahatma Gandhi begins a fast in Mumbai (Bombay) to protest against autocratic rule in India
  • 1942-08-09 Mahatma Gandhi & 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a “quit India” campaign by the All-India Congress
  • 1944-05-05 Mahatma Gandhi freed from prison
  • 1946-06-22 Speaking at a prayer meeting in New Delhi, Gandhi calls on the South African government to stop ‘hooliganism’ by Whites
  • 1947-01-02 Mahatma Gandhi begins the march for peace in East-Bengali
  • 1948-01-12 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast
  • 1948-01-30 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse

I hope this small information about Mahatma Gandhi is worth to read on the eve of Gandhi Jayanti. If you think so, do share with your friends and family and especially with children to make them aware of Mahatma Gandhi.

Thanks for reading.


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