In India, a range of herbs and their extracts were used as shampoos since earlier period. a very effective early shampoo was invented by boiling Sapindus with dried Indian gooseberry (aamla) and many different herbs, using the strained extract. Sapindus conjointly referred to as soapberries or soapnuts, is named Ksuna (Sanskrit: क्षुण) in ancient Indian texts and its fruit pulp contain saponins that are a natural surfactant. The extract of soapberries, a tropical tree widespread in the Republic of India, creates a lather that Indian texts called phenaka (Sanskrit: फेनक). It leaves the hair soft, shiny and manageable. different merchandise used for hair cleansing were shikakai (Acacia concinna), soapnuts (Sapindus), hibiscus flowers, ritha (Sapindus mukorossi) and arappu (Albizzia amara). Guru Nanak, the innovation prophet and the 1st Guru of Sikhism, made references to soapberry tree and soap in the sixteenth century.
Cleansing with hair and body massage (champu) throughout daily strip wash was an indulgence of early colonial traders in India. after they came back to Europe, they introduced the freshly learned habits, as well as hair treatment they are known as shampoo.
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